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The Ebola outbreak has taken a huge toll on people’s lives and health systems, but many Australians have also been affected by the pandemic.
A look at some of the key things you need to know about the deadly virus.
1:11 What is Ebola?
Ebola is a coronavirus, which means it spreads from person to person by the air, water and food they eat.
It can also be spread by contact with bodily fluids.
Key points: 1:4 Australians are the highest-risk group of people in the world to catch the virus: Australians are among the highest number of people living in remote areas of West Africa, particularly in Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone.
About 40 per cent of the people who have died in the outbreak have been aged under 25.
Infected people can spread the virus to others through direct contact, but those who get sick first can pass it on to others.
2:55 A number of factors may explain why people living on the west coast of Australia, especially the north-east, are more at risk of contracting the virus.
These include the region’s proximity to water sources, high humidity, low temperatures and rainfall.
3:17 There are four main strains of the Ebola virus, and each has its own characteristic symptoms.
The most common are respiratory symptoms such as cough, runny nose, fever and red eyes, and diarrhoea.
But there are also signs of other conditions including loss of appetite and severe fatigue.
4:14 The first case of Ebola in the United States was diagnosed in Dallas, Texas on October 24, 2013.
The Dallas outbreak was the first case in the US to be linked to travel from west Africa.
5:45 It is believed there are up to 1,000 cases of Ebola globally each year.
The number of cases has been rising in recent years, and is thought to be around 200,000 a year.
6:24 The Ebola virus can spread from person-to-person, but it can also spread through direct human contact.
7:28 The majority of Australians have never been to Liberia, which is home to a major Ebola hotspot in Liberia.
8:28 People in Liberia have been given a ‘precautionary’ Ebola vaccination in a bid to reduce their risk of infection.
The country has seen an upsurge in cases of the virus, with at least 10 cases reported in the past week.
9:00 The number and severity of Ebola cases is rising in West Africa as the outbreak spreads.
10:50 The first person to be infected with Ebola was found in Sierra Leone on October 8.
11:58 More than 2,400 people have died from the virus in Guinea, and more than 1,300 have died of Ebola there, according to figures from the World Health Organisation.
13:00 About one in five people who are infected with the virus will contract the disease themselves, while about one in 10 will die from it. 14:30 Australians living in the east of the country are particularly at risk.
15:01 The majority (59 per cent) of cases have been in West African countries, and the majority of those in Liberia and Sierra Leon are thought to have been living in rural areas, particularly remote areas.
16:25 Australians living on a remote island, or in the far west of the island, are especially at risk, as they may not have the resources to travel to hospitals.
17:55 More than 70 per cent (71 per cent or about 5,600 people) of people diagnosed with Ebola in West Asia are believed to have travelled to Africa, and about 80 per cent have been infected with it, according a WHO report.
18:14 Most people diagnosed in Australia are in their early 30s, and most have no symptoms.
But those who develop Ebola symptoms will have other health problems.
19:35 Some people in remote communities may be particularly vulnerable to the virus due to their lack of access to healthcare.
20:35 The majority are thought not to be vaccinated, or have missed vaccination due to health conditions.
21:35 Ebola virus infections have increased since the beginning of the outbreak in West and central Africa, but experts say the virus is still relatively new.
22:20 A large number of Australians living outside of their usual places of residence are also at risk from the disease.
23:18 Australia is home at least to about 20,000 people living outside the country, according the Australian Bureau of Statistics.
24:45 The number who are living in Liberia is expected to be higher than the number who live in Australia.
25:12 About 3,500 people in Liberia were diagnosed with the Ebola disease, with about 600 of them dying, according data from the WHO.
26:50 Liberia is the poorest country in West the world. It